Websites may publish content for download by applications using one of either the RSS or Atom protocols. Such content is commonly called a “news feed” or “RSS feed” or “syndication”. Feeds are often used by blogs, but more traditional websites can make any content available in this format. When you subscribe to a site’s feed link, your feed reader (for example, Thunderbird) automatically checks the location and downloads the articles to local folders.
When you use Thunderbird to handle your feeds, you can use the same presentation and tools (archiving, filters, search, etc.) that you are familiar with from managing your email messages.
Table of Contents
Step 1: Create a Feed Account
First you must create an account in Thunderbird for your feeds.
1. In the Menu Bar, click. The Feed Account Wizard window appears.
2. Type a name for your Feed account in the Account Name box, then click.
3. Click. Your new account will now appear in Thunderbird’s folder pane.
Step 2: Subscribe to Feeds
Next, choose the feeds you want to subscribe to.
1. Use your web browser to open a website that you want to subscribe to. Most media sites and blogs that are regularly updated have feeds.
2. Look for a familiar RSS icon or text link on the site. On most sites the link appears at the bottom or on the side of the home page.
3. Right-click on the RSS link and copy the link’s address. (If you use Mozilla Firefox, clickon the context menu. If you use Google Chrome, click .)
4. In Thunderbird, click your Feed Account name in the folder pane.
5. Click Manage subscriptions to open the Feed Subscriptions dialog.
6. In the Feed URL box, right-click and paste the link address from the website.
7. Click. Thunderbird will validate the link, create a new folder, subscribe a valid link to the new folder, and download all current articles. The new folder appears under your Feed Account in the folder pane.
8. Feeds can also be quickly subscribed by drag and dropping links from a browser onto either the Feed Account folder or any other folder in a Feed Account, directly in the folder pane. If a new folder is created, the folder’s name is derived from the feed’s title.
Step 3: Read your Feeds
Reading your feeds is as easy as using your email in Thunderbird.
1. Clickto download all the newest feed messages, along with your regular email messages. If you right click on a specific folder and select , only messages for that folder’s subscriptions (and all of its subfolders) will be retrieved.
2. In the folder pane, click on the folder whose content you want to read. A list of unread messages from the feed appears in the message list pane.
3. Click on a message in the message list.
4. Read the article in the message body. If you’d like to see the article on the website, click the link in the message header next to Website (this will open the link in your default browser).
5. You may also select the view action to perform when double clicking or hitting <enter> on a feed message selected in the list. The options are found in.
NOTE: You can set whether the message displays as an article summary or the article web page in two ways:
- In the Feed Subscriptions dialog, select the feed folder and check the Show the article summary instead of loading the web page box. This preference applies to all feeds in the folder.
- Select a message from the message list, then click , and select whether to use the (folder setting above), or override the default and show or globally.
In, select the name of your Feed Account and check the By default, show the article summary instead of loading the web page box. This selection is the default for all new feed subscriptions that create a folder in that Account.
Step 4: Organize and Manage your Feeds
Folders and Accounts
You can create email-style folders to group individual feeds:
1. In the folderpane, click on your Feeds Account name to select it.
2. Click. The New Folder dialog box appears.
3. Type a name for your new folder, then click. To create subfolders of your folders, first select the folder you want as the parent folder, then click .
4. Alternatively, you can organize your feeds by creating additional Feed Accounts. Just repeat step 1 for every account you want to create, giving each one a different name. Multiple accounts are less useful now that individual feed update intervals have been implemented.
The Feed Subscriptions dialog
1. From a folderpane folder it is easy to go directly to managing feeds by right clicking and selecting themenu item.
2. The dialog will open with the folder selected and opened, showing the folder’s feed subscriptions.
3. Feeds may be drag-and-dropped and otherwise organized in folders however you like. For example, it is useful to have a blog feed and its comments feed both subscribed to the same folder. (Publishers may even construct their feeds so items thread together as in email!)
Starting in Thunderbird 54, each feed’s update interval may be individually set. If the checkbox Check for new articles is unchecked, the feed is ‘paused’. If all feeds in a folder are paused, the folder is paused and will appear in lower opacity. A folder may also be paused/unpaused using the context menu — the status will apply to all feeds in the folder. The entire account may also be paused (this does not change any individual feed’s pause state).
You may still get updates immediately by clickingeven if an account or folder is paused.
If the publisher adds <category> tags to feed items, you may choose to autotag feed articles with these values. A <category> value corresponds to one keyword tag in Thunderbird. A feed item may have numerous <category> tags.
1. In the Feed Subscriptions dialog, select the feed and check the Automatically create tags from feed <category> names box.
2. You may also add a custom prefix to better differentiate tags.
The tags are stored in the Keywords: header (RFC5322 compliant) for portability. They are also tagged by Thunderbird’s internal system and stored in the X-Mozilla-Keys: header of the article. As a result, tags will appear in the message header and work with the Quick Filter and Message Filters and Searches tag rules.
Import and Export your Feeds
1. If you have a list of feed urls exported in the OPML format to a file, perhaps from another feed reader, you may Import them using. Choose either a new or existing Feed Account.
2. You may also Import using the Feed Subscriptions dialog, selecting the Feed Account folder, and clicking.
3. To Export, select the Feed Account (top folder) in the Feed Subscriptions dialog and click Ctrl then click the button).. The folder structure and preferences of your feeds will be saved to a .opml file. (To Export a simple list, press
- To quickly mark a feed folder’s messages as all read, so they no longer appear in bold type, press Shift + C while the folder is selected.
- To set how often Thunderbird checks for new feed messages and other default feed properties for new subscriptions only, click on or to open the dialog, then click on the name of your Feed Account. Set the values in the Default Settings for New Feeds section.
- Feed article retention is managed just like for email. Click on below your Feed Account name in for more options.
- Use the Quick Filter toolbar to save time if you’re getting a lot of messages from a feed.
- If you wish to use Message Filters on feed messages and filter by website, create a Custom header named Content-Base. This header contains the feed message’s website link.
- Feed articles may be placed in ‘the cloud’ by setting up a filter to copy or move items to an IMAP account folder. This is not true syncing in any way, but may be useful in some cases. The filter bug to enable this feature has been fixed in Thunderbird 38.
Tips for Publishers
- The Atom specification is strongly recommended. If you use the RSS2.0 spec, a <guid> is recommended. Also, <title> and <link> are mandatory per spec and the feed will be rejected if they are not present. Another common error is representing unicode characters with octals. Ensure dates are represented according to the chosen specification; bad dates may cause items to be rejected. Please always follow the specs and validate and everyone will win.
- The Last-Modified header should be returned in your server’s response. Thunderbird will send this value in If-Modified-Since in its next request to your server, which you can respond to with code 304 if appropriate. This saves unnecessary bandwidth usage and processing if there are no new items or changes to your file.
- If you use Atom and its threading extension, Thunderbird will group related feed items (like comments to a post) into threads just like it does with related email messages.
- Changes to feed urls can be detected by Thunderbird and updated automatically for users. See Bug 304917 for two ways of doing this.
- New in Thunderbird 54: A Publisher recommends: update frequency is shown to the user in the Feed Subscriptions dialog if the relevant tags are included in your feed. Follow theSyndication specification to advertise your desired update frequency.
- The feed update frequency in Check for new articles should be set to minimize unnecessary bandwidth usage and Thunderbird processing, if the publisher is not using Last-Modified above. If it is being used, an immediate There are no new articles for this feed message appears in the status bar when manually getting new messages for the folder twice quickly.
- A feed url may be added without being online; adding in offline mode will bypass feed validation. If offline (to go offline, click the status bar icon), a dialog will appear asking to go online for new messages. Cancel the prompt and the feed will be added. The feed’s Title will be the url and may be edited. Once back online, Thunderbird may fail the feed for invalid url or syntax, but it will exist in the database.
- New in Thunderbird 54: Users with very many feeds may choose to limit the number of feeds simultaneously being processed by setting the pref rss.max_concurrent_feeds. The default is 25.
- New in Thunderbird 54: Feed folders that contain a subscription url that is in error (server not reachable, feed file not found, certificate error, etc.) will be indicated with an icon. Open the Feed Subscriptions dialog, select the feed and focus the Feed URL, and click the button to check for network type problems.
- Thunderbird has extensive logging of feed activity, viewable in . Change the preference Feeds.logging.console to debug or trace (and restart) to see details of feed processing.